Evolution Of Wardha From A Small Town To A Place Of Historical Significance In Indias Independence-jinshen

Politics Situated about 75 kms away from Nagpur, Wardha is perhaps the smallest district of the country. The river Wardha flows around three towns stringing them into a beautiful cluster. The story of this small township, engaged in the business of cotton ginning and pressing, becoming the epicenter of eventful movements of national independence is fascinating and inspiring. It all started in 1894, with the adoption of Jamnalal Bajaj as the grandson of Seth Bachchraj Bajaj from Wardha. Jamnalal started his schooling at a Marathi Primary School in 1896 but was forced to drop out in 1900. He had to learn English under a tutor as the family often hosted English gentlemen and officers. Jamnalal came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi for the first time in 1915. Bapu’s simplicity etched itself so deeply in Jamnalal’s mind, that he radically changed his own and the family’s lifestyle. Wardha became the meeting point for political stalwarts like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Netaji Subhas Bose, Sardar Patel etc. Wardha has been a witness to many an event of social, national and historical significance. The town abounds in interesting places for tourists. When Gandhiji settled in Sevagram – Wardha, Jamnalal hosted political leaders, freedom fighters, social activists and other important people who visited Gandhiji. Bajajwadi came to be known as National Guest House. The first draft of the resolution of the ‘Quit India Movement’ of 1942 was prepared, discussed and passed here . In 1935 a World Peace Conference was held here. Built in 1907, the Laxminarayan Mandir is a unique temple wherein no deity is adorned with ornaments and their clothes are made with pure khadi. In 1928, on Jamnalalji’s initiation, it became the first temple in India opened to Harijans. Gandhiji sought blessings at this temple before leaving for Mumbai to begin his ‘Quit India Movement’. Gandhi Chowk is the historic venue where public addresses of political stalwarts like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, patriot saints like Vinoba Bhave among scores of others were held. During the Swadeshi Movement , it was here that the pyre of foreign clothes was lit. Sevagram Ashram is a place of pilgrimage for those who want to have a firsthand feel of the way Gandhiji lived and fought for India’s freedom. On the eve of the Dandi March , Gandhiji had declared that he would return to Sabarmati Ashram only after winning Swaraj but he failed in this mission. In 1932 / 1934 at the request of Jamnalalji he came to Wardha. He then shifted to Segaon, a village near Wardha. Jamnalalji donated his land for the Ashram. Sevagram remained the centre of Gandhiji’s activities till India won its freedom . Gandhiji’s personal belongings such as spectacles, books, etc. have been preserved here and are open to public viewing till date. Acharya Vinoba Bhave had translated the Gita, in Marathi, titled Gitai – Mother Gita. As a memorial to Gitai and in honour of kulguru Vinobaji , Kamalnayan Bajaj conceived the Gitai Mandir which stands on 36 acres at the site of Jamnalalji’s Samadhi in Gopuri, Wardha. A unique monument, it has no idol or roof. 18 chapters of Gitai have been engraved on 18 types of stone slabs brought from the 4 corners of India signifying national unity, placed in the shape of charkha (symbol of Gandhi) and cow (symbol of Jamnalalji). The complex houses photographic exhibitions on the lives of Vinobaji and Jamnalalji. Venerable Nichidatsu Fujii, the founding preceptor of ‘Nippozan Myohoji’ met Gandhiji in 1933 at Wardha and became his life-long admirer. Gandhiji, too, impressed by his dedication to peace, named him Fujii Guruji. When Fujii Guruji visited Wardha in 1983, he expressed his wish to build a Vishwa Shanti Stupa in Wardha. The Stupa stands tall as a symbol of world peace. Mahila Ashram was founded by Jamnalalji in 1933. The aim was to inculcate self-respect among women through education and take up the constructive work propounded by Gandhiji. Today the Mandal runs a Teachers’ Training College, a Balmandir and a Women’s Hostel. Established at the initiative of Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti, the Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya , is the only International Hindi University. The World Hindi Conference is held here every three years. It was perhaps the spiritual strength of the river Varda as also Jamnalal Bajaj’s intent to congregate people that in 1921, Acharya Vinoba, came to Wardha and established his Satyagraha Ashram. 14 years later, Mahatma Gandhi made it his abode in Sevagram. On the one hand, top political leaders started coming to Wardha for deliberations with Gandhiji and on the other, there was a spurt in constructive activities as part of the independence movement. Educational institutions started coming up there. Today, Wardha hosts 1 University, 103 Colleges, 1053 Primary Schools and 231 Secondary Schools besides institutions of varied disciplines. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: