Fertilizer production situation of Agriculture do not like smoking marijuana as (Figure) – Beijing-shishangqiyi

Fertilizer production situation of Agriculture: do not like smoking marijuana as (Figure) – Beijing, the Ministry of Agriculture said recently, the implementation of fertilizer use zero growth operations in the country, and strive to the main crop fertilizer used in 2020 to achieve zero growth. In view of the current China’s fertilizer use efficiency and agricultural non-point source pollution is serious, it is necessary that the action. But ultimately what farmers fertilization, they of this action is how to look, how to think? "Fertilization has been like marijuana, no no" coincided with the spring season, in Changle County of Shandong province Weifang City camp mound Zhen Cong Yan village, the reporter saw and his wife cast to the 53 year old farmer Tang Lixin. Tang Lixin said that their land for a total of 4 acres, from last year after the twelfth lunar month twenty-seven under the rain, no rain, so he is on the edge of the well irrigated land, while also applying urea. In the Tang Lixin head, and half a bag of urea. Tang Lixin said, from the autumn wheat, their application is compound fertilizer, 150 pounds an acre of land, spend 270 yuan of money; then at this time of the reviving stage, with 25 pounds of urea. 10 "this year is so used, is that kind of experience." Reporters in the field to see, basically is the big fat. Heilongjiang in Fujin City, the spring plowing farmers demand for fertilizer as great. Liu’s home large grain more than 80 thousand kg of fertilizer piled like a hill. This year he rice planting area of more than 80 Shang (a Shang fold 15 acres), each Shang fertilizer at about 1100 pounds, including 2 bags, 4 bags of fertilizer, urea, diammonium 2 bags 3 bags of ammonium sulfate, and some fertilizer etc.. While in previous years, a Shang chemical fertilizer use amount only seven hundred or eight hundred pounds. Talking about the application of chemical fertilizer, Liu Junli said, the past land use less fertilizer, an acre of land for twenty or thirty pounds, in addition to the upper part of the farm manure, now with the expansion of farming scale, fertilizer investment and much more. In recent years there has been an increase in the amount of fertilizer, a Shang had an annual increase of more than 50 pounds, or feel the food to be cut, my heart is not practical. The use of chemical fertilizers, Tongjiang City, Heilongjiang province green agricultural cooperatives chairman Liu Gang have a deeper understanding, at present the cooperatives more than 8000 acres of land. Liu Gang said, farmers farming scale is larger, more dare to put fertilizer, now the scale of operations, mainly rely on chemical fertilizer to improve the yield, such as he scale of the cooperatives, amount of fertilizer per Shang farming farmers less than about 10% higher. Now the farmers farming is propped up by chemical fertilizer, we also know that more fertilizer will cause soil compaction, soil fertility decline, but this is not the same without smoking marijuana." Liu Gang said. Reduce the amount of xinweitu inadequate as the saying goes, "farming without dung, blind Hu mixed". The use of manure can reduce the amount of fertilizer to improve soil fertility. But the farmers felt that the large-scale use of manure is not realistic. Tang Lixin said, his 10 years with no manure. A fertilizer is convenient, and now every family is not a pig, nor save the habit of dung dung. "Before and when autumn with a bag of fertilizer can now no soil);

农业生产化肥施用现状:像抽大麻一样 不用不行(图)-中新网   农业部前不久表示,将在全国范围内实施化肥使用量零增长行动,力争到2020年主要农作物化肥使用量实现零增长。鉴于当前我国化肥使用效率低下和农业面源污染严重,这个行动很有必要。但施肥最终还是农民的事,他们对这个行动是怎么看,怎么想的呢? “施肥已像抽大麻,不用不行啦”   正值春耕时节,在山东省潍坊市昌乐县营丘镇丛闫村,记者见到了和老伴一起浇地的53岁农民唐立新。唐立新说,自己这块地一共有4亩,从去年腊月二十七下过雨之后,就没再下雨,所以他正在用地边上的井水浇地,也一边施用尿素。   在唐立新的地头上,还有半袋子尿素。唐立新说,从小麦秋种时,自己施用的就是复合肥,一亩地150斤,花270元钱;再就是处于这个时候的返青期,用上25斤尿素。“这10来年都是这么用的,就是凭经验种呗。”记者在地头看到的,基本上是大水大肥。   在黑龙江富锦市,春耕备耕的农民对化肥的需求量同样巨大。   种粮大户柳军力家的8万多斤化肥堆得像一座小山。今年他水稻种植面积达80多垧(一垧折15亩),每垧地化肥用量在1100斤左右,包括2袋钾肥、4袋二铵、2袋尿素、3袋硫酸铵,还有一些硅肥等。而在前些年,一垧地化肥使用量只有七八百斤。   谈起化肥的投入,柳军力说,过去种地化肥用得少,一亩地就投二三十斤,此外还要上一部分农家肥,现在随着种地规模的扩大,化肥就投得多了。这几年化肥投入量一直在增加,一垧地每年都得增加50多斤,否则就感觉粮食要减产,心里不踏实。   对化肥的使用,黑龙江省同江市绿农农业合作社理事长刘刚有更深的体会,目前该合作社经营8000多亩地。刘刚说,农民种地规模越大,越敢投入化肥,现在规模经营,主要是靠化肥提高产量,像他这样规模的合作社,化肥使用量每垧地要比种地少的农民高出10%左右。   “现在农民种地就是靠化肥撑着,我们也知道化肥用得多会造成地力下降,土壤板结,但这就像抽大麻一样,不用不行啦。”刘刚说。   减少用量,心有余力不足   俗话说,“种地不上粪,等于瞎胡混”。农家肥的使用可以减少化肥用量,提高地力。但农民却觉得大规模使用农家肥不现实。   唐立新说,自己10来年没有用粪肥了。一来用化肥方便,再就是现在家家户户都不养猪了,也没有了攒粪堆粪的习惯。“以前用土肥的时候,秋种时用上一袋子复合肥就可以了;现在不用土肥,秋种的时候要用上一袋子半的复合肥。”   柳军力告诉记者,每年都会从养殖场买点猪粪,发酵之后上在地里,但都是小规模的,长出来的粮食够自己一家吃,其他地块要想实现稳产增产还得靠化肥。“农家肥对减少污染提高地力,确实有很大好处,但既没有那么大的供应量,运输成本也高,只能小规模用。”   此外,施肥方式不科学也增加了化肥使用量。采访中,农民普遍反映,他们的施肥方式主要是种植之前一次性施肥。   “一次性施肥造成很大的浪费,苗刚出来时实际上不需要那么多的营养,而氮肥上到地里后很容易蒸发,变成氮气,等苗长大了营养流失得也差不多了,化肥的实际利用率也就60%左右。”刘刚说。   据了解,分层施肥或分阶段施肥,可以减少化肥用量,但人力成本会大大增加。刘刚说,分阶段施肥,可以提高农作物对化肥的吸收率,从而减少使用量,“但一垧地假如少用200元钱的化肥,采取分阶段施肥,人力成本就得多花300元,农民还是会选择多施肥”。   如果有补贴,农民愿意用有机肥   在山东省寿光市化龙镇,有一个占地230亩的家庭农场,主要种蔬菜。记者在现场看到,农场的温室大棚内,统一使用水肥一体化设施,每个大棚的设施费用是800元,可连续用6年,节水节肥,节省人工。   农场属于寿光市设施蔬菜土壤质量提升技术示范区,从2014年开始使用微生物肥料、高碳有机肥、测土配方施肥技术、水肥一体化。从外观看,科学施肥,让土壤更加疏松了。   在一个黄瓜大棚里,农场主贾崇山捧起一把土告诉记者,现在用了生物有机肥(一种加工处理过的稻壳粪)后,土壤不板结了,而且细致疏松,浇水后很容易渗透,很快干燥,不易滋生疫病,而且作物吸收快,生长好,可以少用化肥。   “现在用的有机肥,有国家和地方的补贴,所以价格和用普通肥料基本一样。如果有一天没有补贴了,肯定还会有很多农民选择普通肥料,因为毕竟普通肥料价格便宜。”贾崇山说。   唐立新也想用有机肥,用了有机肥,起码土壤不板结。“但就是有机肥太贵,种地本来就赚不到什么钱,颗粒状的有机肥要120元 袋,而尿素80元 袋,如果国家能给补助40块钱,补到和尿素的价格一样,我们也愿用有机肥。”唐立新说。   除了有机肥的价格之外,一些种粮大户心里还有其他疑虑。   近年来,黑龙江大力推广使用有机肥。柳军力说,有机肥投入量太大了,一垧地要比现在化肥用量多出将近一倍,如果大规模使用,施肥的机械就得换,成本大大增加,“老百姓种地考虑的是效益,少用化肥不是没有办法,关键是要让农民划算,才能有积极性”。(半月谈记者 张志龙 王建)   资料连接: 农业部推广有机肥的四项举措   农业部种植业司司长曾衍德表示,开展化肥使用量零增长行动,一个重要的途径就是推进有机肥替代化肥,这样化肥减量的目标才能实现。主要的措施有以下几项:   第一,推广机械施肥技术,解决农村劳动力短缺的问题。要通过机械技术的应用,为秸秆还田、有机肥积造等提供有利条件。支持企业研发推广有机肥运输及高效施用机械,发展有机肥机械施肥,克服人工短缺、有机肥施用费时费工问题。   第二,推进农牧结合,实现有机肥资源化利用。今后要在城郊肥源集中区和规模化畜禽养殖场周边建设有机肥工厂,在畜禽养殖集中区建设有机肥生产车间,在农村秸秆丰富和畜禽分散养殖区建设小型有机肥堆沤池(场),逐步实现规模化养殖场畜禽粪便资源化。   第三,争取扶持政策,鼓励农民应用有机肥。要加大政策扶持的力度,以补助的形式鼓励新型经营主体和规模经营主体增加有机肥施用,实现有机肥替代部分化肥,不断培肥地力,减少化肥用量,提高肥料利用率。   第四,创新服务机制,提高有机肥资源的服务化水平。发展各种社会化服务组织,为转包户、种田大户等提供全程或阶段性、季节性施肥服务,有效克服农村劳动力短缺的瓶颈。引导企业生产有机肥商品肥。(张志龙 王建)相关的主题文章: