Four root causes of low fertility in the northeast, such as drinking and other reasons to push up th

The ideal number of children of average high divorce rate four roots caused by northeast fertility reproductive population is low in the south area of central China [Wang Ling 2.08 northeast low birth rate drinking three causes four roots, southwest, East China and North China region in 1.94~1.95, while the Northeast fertility desire is only 1.76. "Northeast total fertility rate in the country ranked lowest, only slightly higher than that of Beijing and Shanghai; in Fertility Survey, the Northeast fertility desire of the lowest and most willing to second child. The reality of this kind of fertility has directly led to the aging of the population structure in Northeast China, which has become more prominent, and has affected the development of economy. What are the reasons for the northeast people do not want to have children? The first Financial Daily reporters after field visits and interviews with population research scholars, from the birth policy, urbanization, parenting costs, clan awareness of four aspects of interpretation. The pressure of fertility policy is to look at how low fertility in the northeast. According to the results of the sixth national census in 2010, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Jilin, the fertility rate of only three provinces, Beijing, Shanghai, the last row of three to five, the total fertility rate was only 0.74, respectively, 0.76. According to the "social Blue Book: analysis and forecast" China social situation in 2016, the average ideal number of children of childbearing age in the south area of central China is 2.08, southwest, East China and North China region in 1.94~1.95, while the Northeast fertility desire is only 1.76. At the Peking University Population Research Institute Professor Mu Guangzong, one of the important reasons for the northeast low fertility desire is the Northeast industrialization early, planned economy than the major, family planning efforts, resulting in the micro fertility behavior of nationalization, consistency and regulation. As "the eldest son of the Republic", northeast industrialization is earlier than other parts of the country, the degree is high. Large state-owned enterprises in the three northeastern provinces, the northeast to provide an enviable iron rice bowl, but also bring more stringent birth control. The 58 year old Harbin taxi driver Lao Zhu told the "First Financial Daily", the year in income of state-owned enterprises in the work, good benefits, a face, few people would be willing to lose for a secure job. "". "For so many years, my colleagues, relatives and friends, not a bounce. Bounce out, who would dare?" Lao Zhu said. In addition, the higher level of urbanization is another important factor in driving down fertility. According to the study, the fertility rate is often inversely proportional to the rate of urban, the higher the rate, the lower the fertility rate. According to statistics, in 1975 the country’s urbanization rate was only 17%, while the Northeast has reached 35%; in 1990 the national urbanization rate was only in the northeast of the country was about 48%; in 2010 the national urbanization was 50%, while the Northeast has reached to 58%. This population scholar Guo Zhigang, and Cai Yong Wang Feng in "Chinese’s low birth rate and population sustainable development" in the book, in the current household registration system and management system, the different population in the process of urbanization showed strong selectivity. The current population urbanization is the fastest of the young rural相关的主题文章: