How tourism drives tens of millions of people out of poverty-ricky lee neely

How tourism driven by millions of people out of poverty alleviation tourism has a unique advantage, the threshold is low, less investment, large employment capacity, quick. The tourism industry have a brilliant future in poverty alleviation, is expected to 2020, the national tourism will bring about 12 million people out of poverty, poverty accounted for about 17% of the population. First put forward the tourism industry is in 1980s, some places in China have done a lot of useful exploration tourism in poverty, and achieved remarkable results. Let the poor people on the one hand to increase income, achieve poverty; on the other hand also makes many in poor areas in high quality scenic areas have been developed to enrich our country’s tourism product market. It is necessary to point out that tourism can not be simply equated with "the underdeveloped areas of the development of tourism projects". Tourism development only, can not reach the goal of poverty alleviation, tourism must be based on the poor benefit, face the contradiction between poverty alleviation and development of tourism, set up some indexes, the poverty alleviation action into the system of tourism development. First of all, to target precise tourism. The real meaning of "tourism", is to eliminate the poverty status of vulnerable groups as the core goal, tourism is only way. The object of tourism poverty alleviation to distinguish two important concepts: "poor areas" or more specific "poor areas of poverty population". Of course, the beneficiaries of tourism can not be confined to the poor, but must set some more precise and clear indicators, such as poor effective participation in tourism development; directly benefit the poor; benefit the population proportion of the population in poverty; tourism to create employment opportunities in the poor population proportion. Avoid the use of revenue in tourism, creating employment opportunities in general data, resulting in a disconnect between tourism development and poverty alleviation. Secondly, according to the implementation of tourism poverty alleviation project. Many of China’s poverty-stricken area traffic is very inconvenient, poor ecological environment, backward education, not have the basic conditions for tourism, tourism is the main area of poverty alleviation has a certain basis for the development of tourism in underdeveloped areas. Also, not all poor areas with rich tourism resources are suitable for the development of the tourism industry. The operation of tourism poverty alleviation than "poverty alleviation" is much more complicated in some areas, see good, neighboring counties tourism development effect of head, blind investment, the development of the tourist attractions desolate, scanty. The tourism industry has its unique operation rules, tourism must act according to the inherent law of the development of the tourism industry of scientific planning, careful planning, avoid the government of "clap decision" and "one hand, all arranged". Again, pay attention to the coordinated development of other industries, play "diffusion effect". The leading role of the tourism industry to other industries, is the advantage of tourism poverty alleviation. Single on tourism, to absorb limited poverty, if we can take the tourism industry as the guide, pay attention to establish the linkage mechanism between the first, second, third industry and tourism market, agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry, the deputy and local enterprises into the joint development of the tourism industry, tourism can realize the "diffusion effect", so as to achieve greater poverty alleviation benefits. Finally, to establish and improve the tourism poverty alleviation mechanism. It should be)

旅游怎样带动千万人脱贫旅游扶贫具有独特优势,门槛低、投资少、就业容量大、见效快。旅游业在扶贫攻坚中大有可为,预计到2020年,旅游将带动全国约1200万贫困人口脱贫,约占贫困人口的17%。最早提出旅游扶贫是在20世纪80年代,我国一些地方在旅游扶贫方面做了许多有益的探索,取得了显著成效。一方面让贫困地区的人们增加了收入,实现了脱贫致富;另一方面也使得不少位于贫困地区内高品质的风景区被陆续开发出来,丰富了我国的旅游产品市场。需要指出的是,旅游扶贫不能简单地等同于“经济欠发达地区的旅游项目开发”。单纯的旅游开发,不一定能达成扶贫的目标,旅游扶贫需立足贫困人口受益,正视扶贫与单纯旅游开发之间的矛盾,设置一些指标,把扶贫行动真正纳入到旅游开发的系统运作之中。首先,要精准旅游扶贫的目标和对象。真正意义上的“旅游扶贫”,是以消除弱势群体的贫困状态作为核心目标,旅游业只是手段和途径。旅游扶贫的对象要区别两个重要的概念:“贫困地区的人口”或是更为明确的“贫困地区的贫困人口”。旅游扶贫的受益者当然不能只局限于贫困人口,但必须设置一些更为精细、明确的指标,如贫困人口在旅游开发中的有效参与;贫困人口的直接受益;受益人口中贫困人口所占比例;旅游创造就业机会中的贫困人口比例等。避免用旅游收入、旅游创造就业机会等笼统的数据,造成旅游开发与扶贫之间的脱节。其次,因地制宜实施旅游扶贫项目。我国很多贫困地区交通极为不便,生态环境恶劣,文化教育落后,不具备旅游扶贫的基本条件,实施旅游扶贫的地区主要是具有一定旅游发展基础的经济欠发达地区。同样,并不是每个具有丰富旅游资源的贫困地区都适合开发旅游业。旅游扶贫操作起来远比“救济式扶贫”复杂得多,有些地区见邻近县市开发旅游业效果颇佳,头脑发热,盲目投资,结果开发的景点冷冷清清,游客寥寥无几。旅游业有其独特的运作规律,旅游扶贫必须按照旅游业发展的内在规律办事,科学规划,精心谋划,避免政府“拍脑袋决策”和“一手代劳、全部包办”。再次,注重与其他产业的协同发展,发挥“扩散效应”。旅游业对其他产业的带动作用,是旅游扶贫的优势。单论旅游,对贫困人口的吸纳有限,如果能够以旅游产业为导向,注意建立第一、二、三产业与旅游市场之间的联动机制,将农、林、牧、副及当地企业融入旅游业中协同发展,旅游扶贫就能实现“扩散效应”,从而取得更大的扶贫效益。最后,要建立健全旅游扶贫机制。应当清楚地看到,扶贫目标有时候与市场机制运作之间存在着矛盾。完全依靠市场机制运行,有时不能切实保证扶贫目标的达成。旅游扶贫市场化要保证农民利益,以避免市场失灵。如:通过政策、法规等,保证贫困人口在一些特定旅游产品上的优先权;将扶贫的内容和行动纳入到旅游开发、规划和实施当中;通过契约和行政手段,监督扶贫目标的实施等。(盘和林)相关的主题文章: